Saint Katherine (also spelled Catherine) was a Great Martyr who suffered in the year 305 at the hands of Maximinus of Alexandria.
She is commemorated in the Slavic churches on November 24, the date of her martyrdom. In the Byzantine churches, she is commemorated on November 25, her feast being combined with the Leavetaking of the Entry of the Theotokos into the Temple. This change was made at the request of the Monastery of St. Katherine on Mount Sinai.
This icon is a detail portion of a larger icon, housed at the Monastery of St. Katherine on Mount Sinai, which is unfortunately too damaged for us to reproduce. She holds a martyr's cross and has a shield also bearing a cross.