The Apostle and Evangelist Matthew, also called Levi, was one of the Twelve Apostles and the brother of the Apostle James Alphaeus. He was a tax collector for Rome, but followed Jesus when he heard His call, and repaid everyone he had cheated. After Pentecost, Saint Matthew preached throughout Palestine. At the request of the Jewish Christians, he wrote his Gospel, which is the first of the four. He wrote in Aramaic. He later preached throughout the Middle East, converting many pagans to faith in Christ. The Apostle was martyred by a tribe of idol-worshippers in Ethiopia, but appeared to some of his disciples after his death. His feast is celebrated on November 16.